Softscape refers to the live elements of landscaping, or the horticultural features of landscape design.
Trees play important role in landscape area.
In design stage trees define spaces, making boundaries between parks, outdoor spaces or gardens.
The canopies of trees, providing shade & framing the views.
Different height of trees addresses the scale of building and spaces.
Cluster dense trees can screen purposes.
Trees create ambience and character of places, For example, fine leave or weeping form of trees create reverie ambience.
Sculptural trees can be focus point and highlighting end of path or turning point of journey.
Trees fulfill environmental functions. The multi-layer of trees is proposed to be noise buffer zone and cleaning air.
Trees enhance biodiversity as habitat of birds and insects.
Trees form linkages between one building & another.
Avenue trees planting in town and city create network for streetscape views.
Shrubs are any sort of woody, perpetual, thick plant that branches into a few stems or trunks at the base and is littler than a tree.
Shrubs are easy to spot, they are generally short and bushy and one does not see a significant part of the stem.
Shrubs are otherwise called bushes.
Bushes are broadly utilized for decoration.
Shrubs have many uses within the landscape such as foundation plantings, privacy hedges, and specimen plants.
They can be used as backdrops, to define garden beds, and to simply add seasonal interest.
Foliage differs from plant to plant, so look for foliage colors that will create a pleasing visual effect and subtle contrast to the other plants within the landscape.
Fall foliage colors can range from silver, gold, and variegated varieties to red, purple, and dark green.
The best time to plant landscaping shrubs is in the fall or early spring, if necessary.
This gives roots plenty of time to become established, upping their chances of survival.
Before placing any shrub in the landscape, you should first consider the overall height and width of the shrub once it reaches maturity.
There should be adequate space available for the shrub to grow.
If a shrub is being used as a foundation planting, ensure that its mature growth will not block windows or obstruct walkways.
Also, consider the appearance of the shrub after its initial blooming period has ceased. Since the majority of shrubs are non-flowering most of the year, try to match them to the conditions of your particular landscape.
A lawn is an area where grass is grown as a green carpet for a landscape and is the basic feature of any garden.
It serves to enhance the beauty of the garden, be it larger or smaller.
Proper lawn maintenance plays a crucial part in any landscape design.
A beautiful well maintained lawn can make the entire landscape look good, whereas a lawn that is not maintained can completely ruin its beauty.
The lawn not only harmonizes with a decor of the drawing room, but also sets of a suitable background for a specimen tree or a shrub, as well as for colorful beds and borders.
The position of the lawn largely depends upon the layout of the garden in relation to the house.
In general lawn should be wide open with access to direct sunshine, especially in front of a rockery and a water pool.
Palms are among the best known and most extensively cultivated plant families.
They have been important to humans throughout much of history.
Many common products and foods are derived from palms.
In contemporary times, palms are also widely used in landscaping, making them one of the most economically important plants.
In many historical cultures, because of their importance as food, palms were symbols for such ideas as victory, peace, and fertility.
For inhabitants of cooler climates today, palms symbolize the tropics and vacations
Palms have large, evergreen leaves that are either palmately (‘fan-leaved’) or pinnately (‘feather-leaved’) compound and spirally arranged at the top of the stem.
The leaves have a tubular sheath at the base that usually splits open on one side at maturity.
They might even be found cascading over large rocks or in hanging baskets.
Cacti are available in numerous varieties too, many of which produce stunning flowers.
This versatility makes cactus landscaping possible nearly anywhere.
In landscaping, the term ground covers usually refers to any one of a group of low-lying plants with a creeping, spreading habit that is used to cover sections of ground while requiring minimal maintenance.
It is also possible to use standard landscape ornamentals as a ground cover.
Low-maintenance perennials such as daylily, for example, can be used to cover large expanses or slopes.
Typically, a ground cover plant is some form of a low-growing ornamental perennial plant, but some creeping shrubs can serve this function, as well as ornamental grasses or self-seeding annuals.
Ground cover plants are often chosen for aesthetic considerations, such as introducing new colors or textures into a landscape. Or, they can be chosen for practical purposes to cover the ground where turf grass does not thrive or is not practical. For example, deeply shaded areas of a yard may be a good spot for an alternative shade-tolerant ground cover plants, such as ajuga or pachysandra.
Steep slopes that are difficult to mow may also be a good area to plant a ground cover.
In arid climates where the high-water demands of grass are problematic, an alternative ground cover may replace grass entirely.
When covering large expanses of ground on the landscape, the initial cost will be much greater than for sowing grass seed, but ground covers may save you money in the long run, since they eliminate expenses such as extensive feeding, watering, and lawnmower fuel and maintenance.
Cactus and succulents make outstanding landscaping plants.
They require little maintenance, grow in a variety of climates, and are easy to care for and grow. Most will even tolerate neglect.
These plants are also well adapted to potted environments, making them excellent candidates for growing indoors as well.
Cactus varies in size, color, shape, and growing habits. They may grow in upright columns, spreading clumps or spiny balls.
Growing vines in the landscape is a great way to take advantage of vertical space and increase appeal, especially with little or no space.
They can be used to add privacy, hide unsightly views, and create shade.
Keep in mind, however, that most types of vines require some type of support system.
Climbing vines add interest to just about any landscape.
They’re available in a variety of forms, textures and colors.
Many of them will even delight you with beautiful flowers or fruit.
Vines can be incorporated into nearly any garden style using supports such as fences, trellises, arbors, etc.
They can even be grown in containers wherever space is limited, adding height and dimension to these areas.
The type of vine you grow often determines the type of structure used to support it.
For instance, those with suckers prefer to grow along walls, while those with tendrils do well twining along fences, trellises, and the like.
Vines offer a wide variety of uses in the landscape. They may be used as a groundcover or a fast growing screen on fences or walls.
Often vines are displayed on a trellis or an on arbor to provide shade for a deck or patio.
In addition to adding height to an area, vines require less space to grow; therefore, they are useful in tight spaces in a small garden.
Versatile vines can be used to create privacy and hide unattractive areas in the landscape while also reducing noise and air pollutants.
Many flowering vines will also attract birds, butterflies, bees, and other pollinating insects.
A houseplant is a plant that is grown indoors in places such as residences and offices, namely for decorative purposes, but studies have also shown them to have positive psychological effects and as well as help with indoor air purification, since some species, and the soil-dwelling microbes associated with them, reduce indoor air pollution by absorbing volatile organic compounds including benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene.
While generally toxic to humans, such pollutants are absorbed by the plant and its soil-dwelling microbes without harm.
Common houseplants are usually tropical or semi-tropical epiphytes, succulents or cacti.
Houseplants need the correct moisture, light levels, soil mixture, temperature, and humidity. As well, houseplants need the proper fertilizer and correct-sized pots.